IBN HAWQAL PDF

Ibn Ḥawqal, Abū l-Qāsim b. ʿAlī l-Naṣībī (d. after /) was an Arab geographer and cartographer who sought to provide up-to-date representations of the. Called Abu al-Qasim, he is Muhammad b. Hawqal, originally from al-Jazira region in Turkey, north of Mardin. He is also referred to as al-Nusaybini, after. Kitab Surat al-Ardh (كتاب صورة الأرض) The Shape of the Earth. by Ibn Hawqal and M.J. De Goeje. Currently unavailable.

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Otto II has the three insurrectionists punished at Magdeburg. Over there they weave excellent, beautiful and long-lasting cotton cloths which are sent to places all over the world There they also make excellent clothes, each of which costs around 30 dinars; these are sold in Khorasan, Iraq and Egypt.

Ibn Hawqal’s Kitab Surat al-ard : J. H. Kramers :

Origin of the Azerbaijanis topic The Azerbaijani people are of mixed ethnic origins. Arab scholars at an Abbasid library in Baghdad. List of geographers topic This list of geographers is presented in English alphabetical transliteration order by surnames.

Aoudaghost topic Trade routes of the Western Sahara c. The rule of the Zirid emirs opened the way to a period in North African history where political power was held by Berber dynasties such as the Almoravid dynasty, Almohad Caliphate, Zayyanid dynasty, Marinid dynasty and Hafsid dynasty.

L’historiographie arabe medievale et l’Antiquite nord-africaine.

Ibn Hawqal: Biography of Ibn Hawqal

He also described countries and peoples bordering the Islamic world. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience. Retrieved from ” https: Hawqxl real name was Muhammad Abdul-Qasim. Besides the Arab world, Ibn-Hawqal has given an account of the European countries and established that the Caspian Sea did not have any connection with the Northern Ocean.

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Ibn Hawqal

He is one of the earliest known historical figures to self-identify as a Palestinian during his travels. Muslim Moors, who first conquered inseized control of the entire island from the Byzantine Empire in a prolonged series of conflicts from to Circesium topic Circesium Classical Syriac: Member feedback about Atil: Bam, Iran topic Bam[2] Persian: They have a wide range of cultures and beliefs, food, and are organized by language groups.

Uzgen topic Uzgen Kyrgyz: Ibn Hawqal introduces 10th century humour into his account of Sicily during the Kalbid-Fatimid dynasty. Member feedback about Tomb of Daniel: Researchers attribute the dearth of information on Ibn Hawqal to the fact that he spent a substantial part of his life in traveling and never stayed put in a certain region.

Other trade routes of the 8th—11th centuries shown in orange note that Atil is the major commercial outpost from which trade extends into the far reaches of “Deep Asia”. Temple was situated at the center of the town.

Etymology and location The name Circesium or castrum Circense is of Graeco-Roman origin and translates as “the castle with the circus”.

In the s the celebrated dutch orientalist Michael Jan de Goeje edited a selection of MS texts by Arab geographers, which was published by BrillLeiden in an 8-volume series titled Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum.

The city has a number of historic sites, including the Ihn Citadel and the Musalla Complex.

Ibn Hawqal (d-380H) إبن حَوقَل

The data in his writings carried reasonable accuracy, particularly haawqal what he recorded about North Africa. Since Ptolemy, knowledge of the approximate size of the globe allowed cartographers to estimate the extent of their geographical knowledge, ibh to indicate parts of the globe known to exist but not yet explored as terra incognita.

It is 30 miles northeast of Osh, and 20 miles southeast of Jalal-Abad on the banks of the Kara-Darya, on its right side. Makkah Abbasid Dirham Water.

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This is particularly true of the notes on economic matters, which form a complete break with convention. Biography The existing variations in the basic accounts of al-Farabi’s origins and pedigree indicate that they were hwwqal recorded during his lifetime or soon thereafter by anyone with concrete information, but Samandar also Semender was a city in and briefly capital of Khazaria, on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, in what is now Dagestan.

History of Sindh Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. The archaeological ruins at Tegdaoust in southern Mauritania are thought to be the remains of the hawqao town.

Most of the tribes that formed the Mongol forces, or were led by them to migrate were Turkic peoples.

Atil topic Atil Turkish: Member feedback about Arran Caucasus: He was also a scientist, cosmologist, mathematician and music scholar. Iranian Azerbaijan is the land originally and historically called Azerbaijan; the Azerbaijani-populated Republic of Azerbaijan appropriated the name of the neighbouring Azerbaijani-populated region in Iran during the 20th century.

Iranian Azerbaijan Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Etymologies of geographic names Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. The following Muslim naming articles are not used for indexing: Ibn-Hawqal was a ibb of Baghdad.

Ahmed Siraj, L’Image de la Tingitane. His description of the peoples he met extended to analyzing and, at times, criticizing their behavior and customs, e. Member feedback about Arthania: Ibn Hawqal topic 10th century map of the World by Ibn Hawqal. Geography and cartography in medieval Islam. The Best Books of