La géométrie métrique des variétés riemanniennes (variations sur la formule a 2 = b 2 + c 2 – 2 b c cos α). Berger, Marcel. Élie Cartan et les mathématiques. Une métrique semi-Riemannienne de l’indice 0 n’est qu’une métrique Rie- nentielle sur une variété Introduction à la Géométrie Riemannienne par l’étude des. qui avait organisé une conférence de géométrie sous-riemannienne `a . `a la dimension infinie le cadre de la géométrie sous-riemannienne.
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The choice is made depending on its importance and elegance of formulation.
Most of the results can be found in the classic monograph by Jeff Cheeger and D. Riemannian geometry is the branch of differential geometry that studies Riemannian manifoldsgeometire manifolds with a Riemannian metrici. Riemannian geometry Bernhard Riemann. Riemannian geometry was first put forward in generality by Bernhard Riemann in the 19th century. There exists a close analogy of differential geometry with the mathematical structure of defects in regular crystals. The formulations given are far from being very exact or the most general.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Projecting a sphere to a plane. Development of Riemannian geometry resulted in synthesis of diverse results concerning the geometry of surfaces and the behavior of geodesics on them, with techniques that can be applied to the study of differentiable manifolds of higher dimensions.
Square Rectangle Rhombus Rhomboid. Dislocations and Disclinations produce torsions and curvature. Phenomena Gravitoelectromagnetism Kepler problem Gravity Gravitational field Gravity well Gravitational lensing Gravitational waves Gravitational redshift Redshift Blueshift Time dilation Gravitational time dilation Shapiro time delay Gravitational potential Gravitational compression Gravitational collapse Frame-dragging Geodetic effect Gravitational singularity Event horizon Naked singularity Black hole White hole.
Light cone World line Minkowski geomehrie Biquaternions Minkowski space. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Retrieved from ” https: This list is oriented to those who already know the basic definitions and want to know what these definitions are about. Views Read Edit View history. Introduction History Mathematical formulation Tests. Black hole Event horizon Singularity Two-body problem Gravitational waves: Principle of relativity Galilean relativity Galilean transformation Special relativity Doubly special relativity.
Background Introduction Mathematical formulation. Elliptic geometry is also sometimes called “Riemannian geometry”. Fundamental concepts Principle of relativity Theory of relativity Frame of reference Inertial frame of reference Rest frame Center-of-momentum frame Equivalence principle Mass—energy equivalence Special relativity Doubly special relativity de Sitter invariant special relativity World line Riemannian geometry.
Time dilation Mass—energy equivalence Length contraction Relativity of simultaneity Relativistic Doppler effect Thomas precession Ladder paradox Twin paradox. It deals with a broad range of geometries whose metric properties vary from point to point, including the standard types of Non-Euclidean geometry.
It enabled the formulation of Eiemannienne ‘s general theory of relativity reimannienne, made profound impact on group theory and representation theoryas well as analysisand spurred the development of algebraic and differential topology. Principle of relativity Theory of relativity Frame of reference Inertial frame of reference Rest frame Center-of-momentum frame Equivalence principle Mass—energy equivalence Special relativity Doubly special relativity de Sitter invariant special relativity World line Riemannian geometry.
In all of the following theorems we assume some local behavior of the space usually formulated using curvature assumption to derive some information about the global structure of the space, including either some information on the topological type of the manifold or on the behavior of points at “sufficiently large” distances.
Two-dimensional Plane Area Polygon. Altitude Hypotenuse Pythagorean theorem. Equivalence principle Riemannian geometry Penrose diagram Geodesics Mach’s principle. Background Principle of relativity Galilean relativity Galilean transformation Special relativity Doubly special relativity.
Volume Cube cuboid Cylinder Pyramid Sphere.
Géométrie riemannienne – PDF Drive
Brans—Dicke theory Kaluza—Klein Quantum gravity. It is a very broad and abstract generalization of the differential geometry of surfaces in R 3. Kaluza—Klein theory Quantum gravity Supergravity. Riemannian geometry originated with the vision of Bernhard Riemann expressed in his inaugural lecture ” Ueber die Hypothesen, welche der Geometrie zu Grunde liegen ” “On the Hypotheses on which Geometry is Based”.
Variété pseudo-riemannienne — Wikipédia
This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Any smooth manifold admits a Riemannian metricwhich often helps to solve problems of differential topology. From those, some other global quantities can be derived by integrating local contributions.
This gives, in particular, local notions of anglelength of curvessurface area and volume. Point Line segment ray Length. Other generalizations of Riemannian geometry include Finsler geometry.