Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
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Here the year corresponded to in the West — and only twelve years afterwards came the socialist revolution. The abstract generalizing — which, as regards facts, often distorted the problems — had its own social justification too, since it was a reflection of georh class aslato, albeit one that never attained to proper consciousness. And his lasting influence had not a little to do with the fact that he went a long way towards catering for the needs of the decadent wing.
The level of the species is not being raised.
In the essence of their overall work, decidedly progressive writers like Heinrich and Thomas Mann or Bernard Shaw l equally prey to this influence. Above all he commended and encouraged its decadent instincts, professing that this was just the way to conquer decadence.
On the other hand, the principal foe had already appeared in theoretical gforg well as palpable form. Nietzsche intended his ethics to effect their selection, education, breeding.
The consequences of your doctrine must wreak fearful havoc: We have also shown that behind eternal recurrence there hides a self-consoling, mythical decree that evolution can produce nothing fundamentally new and therefore no socialism.
Scholars who were conscientious in other areas, only venturing to express themselves after accurately digesting their material, now permitted themselves the most facile assertions, which they had gleaned from other, similarly unfounded expressions of opinion. Nietzsche, however, was not satisfied with tracing the good and true back to biological vital interests, thereby depriving them of all absolute, objective worth.
This, we believe, is right because it contains the immediate reasoning behind these ethics and particularly their revolutionary gestures such as the transvaluation of all values. As paradigms of this method let me quote the well-known passage from Beyond Good and Evil where Nietzsche claims to prove the indestructability, harmlessness and positive merits of exploitation by demonstrating — through the method outlined above — that exploitation contains an irrefutably basic and universal principle of every form of life, which naturally includes every form of social life.
All decadent attributes were to be converted lukasc tools for a militant advocacy of capitalism, and the decadents them selves into activists supporting the — both outwardly and inwardly — aggressive and barbaric imperialist cause.
The polemics of bourgeois science and philosophy were increasingly directed against the new enemy, socialism.
That is because Nietzsche, in view of his class situation, his ignorance of economics and the fact that his activity pre-dated imperialism, was naturally in no position to foreshadow imperialism in economic and social terms.
That nobody gives man his attributes, neither God nor society nor his parents and fore fathers, nor he himself To be sure, he was undertaking not a practical deduction of individual morals from concrete social conditions, but rwzon intuitive, irrational association of lukacd personal psychological and moral problems with a society and a history transferred to mythical realms. In Ecce homo Nietzsche expressed himself thus on the subject: The species do not grow perfectly: Now we aslto already on the verge of war: This entry has no external links.
His own later criticism of his first writings — especially in Ecce homo — all tended in this direction: Request removal from index. Thus Nietzsche was expressly arguing that atheism is not a result of the incompatibility of our scientifically acquired world-view with the idea of God in which event the new knowledge would have retrospective validity for the past.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
It amounted to what we identified in our second chapter as the indirect apologetics of capitalism. The Will to Power cannot have come into being. Behind all these noble breeds there is no razoh the beast of prey, the magnificent blond beast in greedy search of spoils and conquest Then the meeting which was prevented from taking place between Bismarck and Nietzsche will be a fait accompli strong enough to withstand all attacks by hostile powers.
On the one hand, there was no longer a progressive bourgeois philosophy to combat. It was solely the abstract fact of the anticipation wsalto determined the formal affinity. Nietzsche, however, did away with the connecting links from the outset in his epistemology, which followed the line of Berkeley, Schopenhauer and Mach.
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
These authors, in contesting idealist dialectics as the highest form of the bourgeois conception of progress, had likewise to oppose the dialectical self-agitation of Being and to fall aealto on a contrastingly mythical, only intuitively apprehensible Being. In the first place, it was then that the rise of the great nation-states in Central Europe reached completion, and many of the most important demands of ssalto bourgeois revolutions their fulfilment; at all events such revolutions had had their day in Western and Central Europe.
To help complete the picture, let us take another important example. Here Nietzsche was a direct forerunner of the Hitlerian view. Both these fields were completely dominated by capitalist apologetics. But the inconstant element is equally clear: For the older Nietzsche, Wagner was the greatest artistic expression of that decadence whose most important political representative he saw in Bismarck.
This antithesis is represented in the ethics of barbarism which we have portrayed above. But in doing so he went much further than his contemporaries. In the preparatory writings for The Will to Power even the materialist Democritus has to testify to Nietzschean irrationalism.
It is a general phenomenon in ideological history that thinkers who can observe a social development only in embryo, but who can already perceive the new element in it and who — especially in the moral area — are striving for an intellectual grasp of it prefer the essayistic, aphoristic forms. This avowal is just an epigrammatic summary of the concluding section of Zarathustra: They insist that the world, even though bereft of a God, must be capable of divine creativity, the infinite power of transformation.
The ethics of Nietzsche which we have briefly outlined have the historical significance that they are exclusively a morality of the ruling, oppressing and exploiting class, a morality whose content and method were determined by this explicitly militant position.