Clidemia hirta is a densely-branching shrub that usually grows from 50 – cm tall, often forming impenetrable stands, especially if growing in good soils[. Leaf and flower, Clidemia hirta (Kostner’s curse); opposite leaves (up to 15 cm long x 8 cm wide) have prominent veins and are dark green. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Perennial shrub. Foliage: Glossy, deeply veined leaves are ovate to oblong with crenate leaf margin (leaf edge lined with.

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Schiedea kauaiensis no common name: Invasive alien species in the Austral Pacific Region: Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.

Distribution, status, phenology, rate of spread, and management of Clidemia in Hawai’i. Flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year with prolific production of seeds Peters Declared Class 1 Hitta Plant. Solanum sandwicense Popolo ‘aiakeakua. Animals, particularly frugivorous birds, are considered an important means of seed dispersal, also as birds will remove the fleshy parts of the fruit and clidemja seed germination Mandon-Dalger et al.

Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil drainage free Soil reaction acid neutral very acid Soil texture heavy medium. User Group specific search options Title. The tannin inside of the fruit is not harmful hrta humans and a delicious syrup may be made from the fruit.

Introduced and invasive plants In: World Wide Web page at http: Other animals moving through thickets of this species may carry seeds away with them e. In a second infestation was discovered in Wooroonooran National Park. yirta


Clidemia hirta Koster’s curse ; habit, showing leaves. The potential sudden death of large monotypic stands of C.

In Brazil, the plant flowers throughout the year Melo et al. American Journal of Botany, 91 8: The calyx has five hairy linear lobes atop a long urceolate hypanthium. The following 7 contacts offer clidemoa an advice on Clidemia hirta.

Scientific name

One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Hirta plants in primary forest were beneath closed canopies. Reproductive Biology A mature plant can produce over blue-black berries mm long per year, each containing over seeds 0. In Hawaii all new instances of C.

In healthy ecosystems Clidemia hirta’s dominance is a temporary phenomenon with forest trees overshading it within 7 years. Other taxa that this taxon may be confused with, and characters cldiemia for their differentiation.

The younger stems are rounded and are covered in large, stiff, brown or reddish-colored hairs they are strigose. Platanthera holochila no common name: They are oval or egg-shaped in outline with broad end at base, with pointed tips, and almost entire to finely toothed margins. Austral Ecology, 31, It is currently being eradicated. Control is generally best applied to the least infested areas before dense infestations are tackled.

Factsheet – Clidemia hirta (Koster’s Curse)

Biological control Biological control using the thrip Liothrips urichi was initiated in Fiji in the early s and two decades later in Hawaii Mune and Parham, ; Wester and Wood, This database compiles information on alien species from British Overseas Territories.


A preliminary study of the undergrowth of primary and secondary submontane rainforests in the East Usambara Mountains, with notes on epiphytes.

Risk of Introduction Top of page C. Details of Clidemia hirta in information. Title Flowers, fruit and leaves. Sheep will not eat the plant, and the tannin inside the fruits is poisonous to goats.

Clidemia hirta – Useful Tropical Plants

A survey on the status of invasive woody plant species in the western Indian Ocean found that the major environmental impact of invasive species in the region is the reduction of the native regeneration through competition by exotic species Mauremootoo This is the result of a large seed bank and the rooting ability of detached leaves in clidejia areas Smith, Hard-won lessons for islands.

Journal of Tropical Ecology, 20 hurta Uses Clidemia hirta in Hawaii as an eradication case study. Wildfires, landslides, windstorms and other forms of soil disturbance such as pig rooting accelerate the dominance of this weed Smith Undated; Peters cliedmia Other animals moving through thickets of this species may carry seeds away with them e.

Clidemia hirta Scientific classification Kingdom: