Definizione, diagnosi, cause e terapia della Sindrome di Klinefelter. di cariotipo classico della Sindrome di Klinefelter: 47,XXY (Iitsuka et al, ; Bojesen et. Síndrome de Klinefelter o Síndrome 47, XXY. Definición. Es la presencia de un cromosoma X extra en un hombre. Su cariotipo de este síndrome es el siguiente: . Cariotipo síndrome de Klinefelter. Done. Comment. 6, views. 0 faves. 0 comments. Taken on March 10, All rights reserved · Tags · text.
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Other methods may include research of high serum levels of gonadotropins follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone klinefeltdr, presence of azoospermiadetermination of the sex chromatin and prenatally via chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. Considering the consanguinity and the absence of limbs anomalies, we propose that non-surgical premature coronal closure may be a recessive, non-syndromic, form of craniosynostosis and also an incidental co-occurrence in this patient.
Animal models for the study of human disease First ed. During puberty, the physical traits of the syndrome become more evident; because these boys do not produce as much testosterone as other boys, they have a less muscular body, less facial and body hair, and broader hips. Genetic testing karyotype . XXY males are also more likely than other men to have certain health problems that typically affect females, such as autoimmune disordersbreast cancervenous thromboembolic diseaseand osteoporosis.
Often, the sindroe is made incidentally as a result of examinations and medical visits for reasons not linked to the condition. Retrieved 15 June It was not possible to investigate the parental origin of the genetic abnormality mechanism.
J Epidemiol Community Health. National Library for Health. Prader-Willi syndrome is a mental retardation genetic disorder also characterized by hypogonadism, hyperphagia and obesity. Craniosynostosis is considered a premature fusion of calvarial sutures, often associated with neurological manifestations or limb and craniofacial abnormalities.
Sindrome di Klinefelter
At dwl 9 months, his length was 71 cm 25 th percentilehis weight was 7. Services on Demand Journal. Klinefelter syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal disordersoccurring in one to two per 1, live male births. Retrieved 27 January We report on a four-years-old boy, born to consanguineous parents, with uncommon co-occurrence of Prader-Willi syndrome, 47,XXY karyotype Klinefelter syndrome and coronal craniosynostosis.
Handbook of developmental disabilities Pbk. Archived from the original on 15 March Because of this primary hypogonadism, individuals often klinefeltter a low serum testosterone level, but high serum follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels. Retrieved 4 September Byover successful pregnancies have been reported using IVF technology with surgically removed sperm material from males with KS.
Klinefelter and Down syndrome”.
Advanced reproductive assistance is sometimes possible. Jacobs described her discovery of this cariotiop reported human or mammalian chromosome aneuploidy in her William Allan Memorial Award address. Some degree of dep learning or reading impairment may be present,  and neuropsychological testing often reveals deficits in executive functionsalthough these deficits can often be overcome through early intervention.
Am J Med Genet ; Some individuals have been reported with KS who also have other chromosome abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.
Nondisjunction occurs when sister chromatids on the sex chromosome, in this case an X and an X, fail to separate. We describe another case of this co-occurrence of PWS and KS with the additional aspect of coronal craniosynostosis. Analogous XXY syndromes are known to occur in cats —specifically, the presence of calico or tortoiseshell markings in male cats is an indicator of the relevant abnormal karyotype.
Clinical observation noted obesity, hyperphagia and developmental delay without any sign of increased intracranial pressure. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. In adults, possible characteristics vary widely and include little to no sign of affectedness, a lanky sindrpme, youthful build and facial appearance, or a rounded body type with some degree of gynecomastia increased breast tissue.
Annu Rev Genom Hum Genet. Klinefelter syndrome usually occurs randomly.
Síndrome triple X – Síntomas y causas – Mayo Clinic
Usually with the XXY boys, abnormalities are not apparent during childhood, except for possible mild language delays. Retrieved from ” https: The co-occurrence of these three unrelated different clinical problems in the same patient was not reported before.
Most can lead a normal, healthy life. Children with XXY differ caariotipo from other children. National Library of Medicine. An academic term for this is psychosocial morbidity. While XXY males can possibly be characterised based on physical characteristics, substantial variation in physical and developmental traits mean the only reliable method of positive or negative identification is karyotype testing.
Monosomy Turner syndrome 45,X. Update on craniofacial surgery: In it was discovered that Klinefelter sindrrome resulted from an extra chromosome.
Eur J Med Genet. The results of a study carried out on 87 Australian adults with the syndrome show that those who have had a diagnosis and appropriate treatment from a very young age had a significant benefit compared to those who had been diagnosed in adulthood. Archived from the original on 18 March Considering the names of all three researchers, it is sometimes also called Klinefelter-Reifenstein-Albright syndrome.
Further example of a patient with Klinrfelter and Klinefelter sindrlme of different parental origins. This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat G Chir in Italian.
Archives of Internal Medicine.