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Zbruch Idol

Andrei Sergeevich Famintsyn in groszura work “Ancient Slav Deities” [6] argued against Lelewel’s theory, and instead claimed that the Zbruch pillar is a representation of a groszura deity and that all four sides of each tier represented one entity. Museum’s Website in Polish. However, it was not until that it was placed on permanent exhibition. It is suggested that the sculpture was disposed of or was buried in a pit some time after the baptism of Kievan Rusand acceptance of Christianity in Poland inlike various buried idols in Kiev and Novgorod.

Zbruch Idol – Wikipedia

It is thought that the three tiers of bas-relief represent the three levels piit the world, from the bottom underworld, to the middle mortal world and the uppermost, largest, world of heavenly gods. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Ever since the discovery of the monument there has been debate about what exactly the idol represents. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zbruch Idol.


Rybakov also claimed the side with the female figure holding a horn as the front of the idol, based on the bottom-tier figure, which is shown with legs as if seen from head-on, the two adjoining sides showing the legs from the side, and the fourth side left blank. The statue was discovered in August in the village of Lychkivtsi Liczkowce in Podolia then in the Austrian Empire[3] now in Ukraineduring a drought that made the bottom of the river visible.

Boris Rybakov borszura his work Paganism of Ancient Rus Russian tribes [9] argued that four sides of the top tier represent four different Slavic gods, two female and two male, with their corresponding middle-tier entities always of the opposite gender. Polish Academy of Sciencesed. Slavic mythology Slavic paganism Archaeological sites in Poland Archaeological sites in Ukraine 9th-century artifacts Archaeological discoveries in Ukraine archaeological discoveries broszuda century in religion 9th-century sculptures.

Brsozura Zbruch Idol is a four-sided pillar of grey limestone2.

CS1 Polish-language sources pl CS1 Russian-language sources ru Articles containing Polish-language text Articles containing Ukrainian-language text Articles containing Russian-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with German-language external links Articles with Russian-language external links.

Retrieved from ” https: In the 19th century, when the Pih River a left tributary of the Dniester changed its bed, the area where the pillar was buried became submerged.


Finally, Rybakov believes that the idol’s overall phallic shape is meant to unite all of the smaller figures as a single overarching all seeing larger deity, Rod.

The pillar was commonly incorrectly associated with the Slavic deity Svetovidalthough current opinions on the exact meaning of all the bas-reliefs and their symbols differ.

According to Aleksey Komar and Natalia Khamaikothe sculpture is a fake produced by Tymon Zaborowskiwhose estate was located near the place where the statue was found. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Views Read Edit View history. Adam Mickiewicz Universityed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat Slavic Gods and Heroes.

It is possible that during the excavation of the monument its lower layer was broken off and lost. Famintsyn was also the first to recognize the three-tiered structure as being related to the three levels of the world, linking it to the Slavic deity Triglav.

Further, Rybakov suggests the underworld deity as Veles.