This, one of the key texts of the 20th century, a landmark of “total serialism”, is the opening movement, Structure 1A, from Boulez’s Structures for. Introduction Boulez wrote two books of “Structures” for two pianos. Structures I consists of three parts and Structures II of two parts. (We will be discussing. LYNDEN DEYOUNG. In his analysis of Boulez’ Structure Ia,1 Gy6rgy Ligeti makes rele points out that Boulez employed both the pitch set and the duration.

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Therefore section 2 is broken into three subsections; 2a, 2b and 2c.

Pierre Boulez’s Structures 1a for Two Pianos – ppt video online download

To determine note durations throughout the work, the thirty-second note is multiplied by the numbers in each of the row of the matrices. Each note has its own presence, its own quality of unpredictable resonance even if that aural boukez of total randomness is achieved through an almost aggressive pre-compositional control.

A clue to what he found in this opening movement of Stuctures is the epigram he added in his trademark tiny script to the final bars, boylez you can see here: We think you have liked this presentation. There are two ways to integrate by parts; the.

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The Language of Modern Music. Subsections are determined by length. This results in the following rhythm: Each piano plays 24 of these rows. Before Minimalism During the 20thC, composers have tried to push music in new and exciting directions. However, two principles can be observed: My presentations Profile Feedback Log out.

He inscribed a provisional title on the first page of Book I which he took from a Paul Klee painting: Loading comments… Trouble loading?

Pierre Boulez’s Structures 1a for Two Pianos

Oxford University Press, This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat By clicking on an affiliate link, you accept that Skimlinks cookies will be set. Generally one mode of attack is used per note series, though there are many irregularities.


In staccato passages, frequently the notes will be indicated by either a thirty-second or a sixteenth-note, with the remainder of its duration filled out by rests, as opposed to using the staccato symbol. For example, the second note of a1 series was D, so the second row of the matrix was formed by keeping the interval relationships and starting on a D.

Reading from left to right gives the original row and its transpositions, and reading from right to left gives the retrograde rows. Think of the notes as stars in the night sky, forming a cosmos of chaotic yet symbiotic connection.

I wanted to eradicate from my vocabulary absolutely every trace of the conventional, whether it concerned figures and phrases, or development and form; I then wanted gradually, element after element, to win back the various stages of the compositional process, in such a manner that a perfectly new synthesis might arise, a synthesis that would not be corrupted from the very outset by foreign bodies—stylistic reminiscences in particular.

The following chart shows the density of Structures 1a. The second row of the matrix thus reads The third note of the series was A, so the third row of the matrix was formed by keeping the interval relationships and starting on A. This also occurs in passages with these symbols: A Garland for Dr. Each individual row is heard once, so there are a total of 48 rows sounded.

If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Threads collapsed ztructures unthreaded. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. Notation programs Even with notation programs, there are still ztructures things you should make sure you check before giving parts and score to performers.


Both sections 2 and 4 can be broken into subsections. There are a total of eleven sections in all, which are determined by tempo. Structures 1a is divided into two main parts, A and B, in which twelve rows are used by each piano. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. There are structuures tempos which occur throughout the piece: Since neither 4 nor 10 appear in the diagonals of either matrix, he did not assign those numbers a mode of attack.

Structures I was the last and most successful of Boulez’s works to use the technique of integral serialism Hopkins and Griffithswherein many parameters of a piece’s construction are governed by serial principles, rather than only pitch.

For example, a note duration series based on the original row would look like this: Harvard University Press, He assigned a different mode of attack to each of the following numbers: The Avant-Garde since London: Thus, a total of 48 rows appear in the piece, each Piano part containing 24 rows.

This article contains affiliate links, which means we may earn a small commission if a reader clicks through and makes a purchase. Gross By Herbert I. Published by Frederica Lawson Modified over 3 stfuctures ago. Or the piano player could play both the original row and the inversion with the right hand, and the retrograde row and retrograde-inversion with the left.

The composer explains his purpose in this work:. The first row used was ffff, the second series was mf, the third was mf, etc. As an arbitrary example, the piano player could play the original tone row in the right hand and a transposition of the original row in the left.